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 J.E. Habibie

May 21, 1998- October 20,1999

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Indonesia's heads of state: a chronology 01/28/08













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Jakarta, 20 October 2009

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is sworn in for a second term
at the House of Representatives in Jakarta
Photo: Reuters







Sudden death of 3 Maritime Commanders 1966-1972





















Elections 2014







August 17, 1945 - March 12, 1967


March 12, 1967- May 21, 1998

 J.E. Habibie

May 21, 1998- October 20,1999

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October 20, 1999- July 23, 2001


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S.B. Yudhoyono

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Yudhoyono Offered a Leading Position at UN

Ezra Sihite, Kennial Caroline Laia & Novy Lumanauw on 12:15 am Sep 02, 2014
Options: The president is said to be favoring a role at Global Green Growth Institute








SBY Sets Expansive 2015 Budget, Shifts Subsidy Issue to Jokowi


Editorial: After SBY’s Decade in Power, Notable Highs and Lows
By Jakarta Globe on 10:09 pm Aug 15, 2014

Ten years are not exactly a short time for a president to make improvements in the country.
After a decade in office, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono will end his tenure in October and hand over his great responsibilities to his successor.

During his time as Indonesia’s top executive, Yudhoyono managed to attain political stability, relatively high economic
growth and a stronger sense of national unity.
World Bank data show that Indonesia’s economy has expanded fourfold, with its 2013 gross domestic product recorded at $868 billion. The nation’s trade hit $ 400 billion over the past decade, with total investments reaching Rp 2,296 trillion and annual per capita income more than tripling from Rp 10.5 million ($900) in 2004 to Rp 36.6 million in 2013.
However, despite stable economic growth, the country’s wealth gap has also widened, with its Gini coefficient — a measure of income inequality — increasing to 0.41 in 2012 from 0.35 in 2005.

Yudhoyono is also leaving his post at a time when economic growth is slowing and fuel subsidies remain high.

And the president, who says his administration has been a thorn in corrupt government officials’ side, was unable to ward off the same fraudulent acts in his own political party.

Still, with all his weaknesses and strengths throughout the past decade, the outgoing president managed to show both wisdom and tact by not taking sides when Indonesia’s political situation threatened to worsen. And as he reaches the end of his term, Yudhoyono has remained cooperative during a difficult transition period by offering advice and inviting the president-elect to work together to ensure a smooth handover. In all, certainly not bad.






































Yudhoyono thanks his friends
SMH: October 21, 2009

JAKARTA: Indonesia's President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, yesterday pledged "prosperity, democracy and justice" for the world's largest Muslim nation as he was sworn in for a second five-year term.

He said his country had ''1 million friends and zero enemies'' in the world, and would play an important role in regional and world affairs under his stewardship.

"Indonesia will continue with its free and active politics and will always struggle for justice and world peace," Dr Yudhoyono said.

He said Indonesia remained committed to reforming the global economy through the G20, and to multilateral relations through the United Nations, particularly in tackling climate change and the millennium development goals.

He took time in his speech to thank the Australian Prime Minister for his attendance. Kevin Rudd was flanked by other regional leaders from Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei and East Timor. Australia's Chief of Defence Force, Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston, was also present.



President Yudhoyono's in augural speech
20 October 2009



Yudhoyono envisions Indonesia's global leadership
The Jakarta Post , Jakarta | Tue, 10/20/2009 11:20 AM

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said Tuesday that Indonesia would play a more active role in the international arena, both at the regional and global levels.

Speaking during his inauguration at the People's Consultative Assembly building, President Yudhoyono said that Indonesia would continue its leadership in the current negotiation for a climate deal that would be completed in Copenhagen in December.

Yudhoyono also said that Indonesia would also be more active in pursuing global economic reforms through various international organizations that Indonesia is a part of, especially through the prestigious Group-20.

Indonesia, Yudhoyono said, would also continue to play its leadership role in Southeast Asia through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to create an "ASEAN community."

"We want to create an ASEAN community to make this Southeast Asian region a peaceful, prosperous and dynamic region," he told the plenary session, which was also attended by leaders of neighboring countries.

Australian Prime Minister Minister Kevin Rudd, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, Brunei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah and East Timor Prime President Jose Ramos Horta attended Yudhoyono's inauguration.

Yudhoyono also said that Indonesia would continue to play its role in the United Nations,
especially to help the world achieve Millennium Development Goals and create
"harmony among civilization."




Announcing the new Cabinet

Jakarta 21 October 2009






Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono:
''Reformation has come a long way, although it hasn't been completed''
BBC, Tuesday, 20 October 2009

 Indonesia leader starts new term

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has been sworn in for a second five-year term as president of Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim nation.

Mr Yudhoyono won a resounding victory at the polls in July,
in part because he had clamped down on corruption.





Indonesia new cabinet sworn in
22 October 2009

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono with his new cabinet ministers in front of the presidential palace in Jakarta October 22, 2009. Yudhoyono picked respected technocrats for the top posts in his new cabinet, signalling his commitment to much-needed reform of the bureaucracy and investment in infrastructure.




Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

New York Times
Updated July 27, 2009

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, 59, is a retired general and the president of Indonesia. In July 2009 he became the first Indonesian president ever re-elected, winning in a landslide. It was only the second time that Indonesians have directly chosen their president. More than 120 million people cast ballots across the country, which emerged from three decades of military rule barely 10 years ago. Mr. Yudhoyono captured 61 percent of the vote, winning all but 5 of Indonesia’s 33 provinces.

The official results of the July 8 election, released one week after twin attacks on two American hotels here, handed Mr. Yudhoyono a decisive first-round victory and a much stronger mandate in his second term to deal with terrorism and push through much-needed reforms.

At a news conference on election day, July 8, Mr. Yudhoyono pledged to strengthen the rule of law, focus on economic development and alleviate poverty.

Mr. Yudhoyono rose to prominence during the era of military rule under the late President Suharto, which lasted for 32 years, until 1998, but he has come to be viewed as the leader most capable of extricating Indonesia from that past.

As the crisis around General Suharto's presidency reached a peak in 1998 after the collapse of the Indonesian currency, Mr. Yudhoyono began meeting with one of the country's prominent Muslim leaders, Nurcholish Madjid, to find a way for General Suharto to resign.

Mr. Yudhoyono was born on Sept. 9, 1949, in Pacitan, a small town in east Java. He is considered a steady, broadly educated man. Many Indonesians believe he was the first person with a suitable background and sufficient training to become president since the country's transition to democracy began.

After emerging at the top of his class in the military academy in 1973, Mr. Yudhoyono was selected to go to the United States in 1976 for military training at Fort Benning, Ga.

That was at the height of the warm relationship between the United States and the Suharto government, which was viewed in Washington at the time as a bulwark against Communism in Southeast Asia. In 1990, he was selected for a yearlong course at the Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kan.





Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono: The Man Behind Indonesia's Rise
By Ishaan Tharoor Friday, Jul. 10, 2009

On July 8, voters on the more than 17,000 islands that make up the vast archipelago nation of Indonesia went to the polls to elect the country's President. A final count has yet to be completed, but all signs suggest that Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, the incumbent candidate, notched up a resounding victory. Since winning the country's first competitive election in 2004, the former general has been a cool steward of Indonesia's young and often chaotic democracy, denting the country's grim legacy of corruption, cracking down on radical Islamist groups and rebuilding a nation that suffered the brunt of 2005's devastating Indian Ocean tsunami. SBY — Yudhoyono is widely referred to by his initials — is seen as a moderate and honest figure in a nation still emerging from decades of cronyism under the deceased military dictator Suharto. When his triumph is certified, he will become the first President to be re-elected in what is the world's most populous Muslim democracy.

(Read about Indonesia's election.)



Latest Presidential Election Results



Profile: Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

BBC: Thursday, 9 July 2009
Mr Yudhoyono has restored Indonesia's rice self-sufficiency
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono became Indonesia's first directly-elected president in October 2004.

His first year in office was marked by major earthquakes - including the one that caused the Indian Ocean tsunami which killed more than 130,000 people in Aceh - an outbreak of polio, avian flu and more bombs in Bali.
He courted unpopularity by cutting subsidies on fuel - allowing the price to rise - but was then able to raise the subsidies again when global prices fell.
A healthy pay rise for civil servants, a negotiated end to the long-running separatist conflict in Aceh and avoidance of the worst effects of the global financial crisis helped ensure he ended his first term with a large groundswell of support.

Mr Yudhoyono has also overseen cash handouts to millions of Indonesia's poor, and restored the country's rice self-sufficiency for the first time in two decades - ensuring price stability for the staple crop.

He is also credited with spearheading a crackdown by the independent Corruption Eradication Commission, or KPK, that has seen several high-profile figures prosecuted, including a relative of Mr Yudhoyono.

East Timor questions
The man dubbed "the thinking general" was born in 1949 in East Java.
The son of a retired army lieutenant, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono graduated from Indonesia's military academy in 1973.
Two years later Indonesian security forces invaded East Timor. As he rose through the ranks, Mr Yudhoyono completed several tours of duty in the territory. By the time of East Timor's violent transition to independence in 1999, he had been promoted to Chief of Territorial Affairs.

Mr Yudhoyono was a minister in his rival Mrs Megawati's government
As such he would have reported directly to Gen Wiranto, the former head of the armed forces who has now been indicted for war crimes by a special tribunal in East Timor.
But there has never been any attempt to bring charges against Mr Yudhoyono.
His supporters say he was not part of the inner circle of military commanders accused of allowing thHonorary award
In fact, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono never quite achieved the highest levels in the military to which he aspired.
His four-star general status was an honorary award given to him
when he left the army to join the government of Abdurrahman Wahid in 2000.

He started as minister for mines but was soon promoted to chief minister for security and political affairs.
A year later he found himself in conflict with his boss. Facing impeachment, President Wahid asked Mr Yudhoyono to declare a state of emergency. Mr Yudhoyono declined, and promptly lost his job.
In March 2004, history repeated itself. Mr Yudhoyono, reappointed as senior political and security minister under President Megawati, stepped down after a very public spat with the president and her husband.
Being forced from office under successive presidents seems to have enhanced Mr Yudhoyono's reputation as a man of principle, willing to sacrifice his own ambitions for the values he believes in.
e violence to spread.



Fast Facts:

• Born in 1949 into a lower-middle-class military family in eastern Java, Indonesia's most densely populated island.

• After graduating at the top of his class in the Indonesian national military academy in 1973, he went on to join the army's top brass, and ultimately served as a military observer for U.N. peacekeeping operations in Bosnia during the mid-1990s.

• First shone politically in 2001, when he stood up to then President Abdurrahman Wahid — who was facing impeachment charges — by refusing an order to declare a state of emergency. For supporters, the act sealed his reputation as a man of integrity.

During his presidency, a lasting peace deal has been negotiated with insurgents in the tsunami-struck province of Aceh. Has also drawn praise for blunting the influence of the Jemaah Islamiah, an al-Qaeda-linked terrorist organization, with a steady string of arrests and detentions.

In the July 8 election, SBY's two main opponents fielded running mates who were also prominent generals under Suharto. SBY, though, was the only one of the three not being pursued on charges of human-rights abuses.

His choice of Boedino — an astute banker and political newcomer — as his running mate has been hailed as a sign that he intends to cut through some of the bureaucratic red tape that has been a hallmark of Indonesia's murky politics and has stalled the nation's growth in the past

Though considered to be an even-tempered, if not altogether unexciting, politician, he has a stated affection for music and has composed his own love songs. The latest compilation is titled My Longing for You.

Quotes By:

"I love the United States, with all its faults. I consider it my second country."
(International Herald Tribune, Aug. 8, 2003)

"God willing, in the next five years, the world will say, 'Indonesia is something, Indonesia is rising.' "
— Speaking at a huge election rally in Jakarta (New York Times, July 4, 2009)

"Today is the people's day."
— After casting his vote on July 8 (South China Morning Post)

Quotes About:

"Even though SBY was a senior member of a deeply unpopular government, he has come to be seen as a victim of that government rather than part of it."
— Denny Ja, an Indonesian political analyst (BBC, Oct. 20, 2004)

"More of the same."
— The campaign slogan trumpeted by Yudhoyono's Democratic Party


Obama congratulates Indonesia leader on reelection

Tue Jul 14, 8:46 pm ET
WASHINGTON (AFP) – US President Barack Obama congratulated Indonesia's Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono on his reelection last week, and expressed a wish for "an even stronger relationship between our two countries."

"The people of Indonesia held a free and fair election on July 8, and President Yudhoyono has impressively won reelection," Obama said in a statement released by the White House.



"I wish to offer my personal congratulations to President Yudhoyono and make clear
America's desire to work with him and the Indonesian people in the years to come,
to build an even stronger relationship between our two countries,"
said Obama, who spent part of his childhood in Indonesia

The incumbent president defeated Indonesian opposition leader Megawati Sukarnoputri in a landslide vote, and Obama on Tuesday praised the conduct of the polls.

"The high voter turnout, spirited campaigns by all contending parties, and high level of interest among Indonesia's media, civic organizations, and voting public are all evidence of the strength and dynamism of Indonesia's young democracy," he said.

"Indonesia has been playing a greater role internationally in recent years, and we welcome this role. Indonesia has made important contributions in Asia and the world in such areas as peacekeeping, environmental preservation and protection, the development of multilateral organizations in the Asia Pacific region, and the promotion of democracy and civil society."


Office of the Press Secretary
July 14, 2009

Statement by President Obama
Following the Re-election of Indonesian President Yudhoyono

The people of Indonesia held a free and fair election on July 8, and President Yudhoyono has impressively won reelection. I wish to offer my personal congratulations to President Yudhoyono and make clear America’s desire to work with him and the Indonesian people in the years to come to build an even stronger relationship between our two countries.

The high voter turnout, spirited campaigns by all contending parties, and high level of interest among Indonesia’s media, civic organizations, and voting public are all evidence of the strength and dynamism of Indonesia’s young democracy. Indonesia has been playing a greater role internationally in recent years, and we welcome this role. Indonesia has made important contributions in Asia and the world in such areas as peacekeeping, environmental preservation and protection, the development of multilateral organizations in the Asia Pacific region, and the promotion of democracy and civil society, to name a few.

The relationship between the United States and Indonesia is based on common interests and common values, including, tolerance, respect for human rights and diversity, and promotion of economic development. President Yudhoyono and I are committed to working together to develop a comprehensive partnership that builds upon these shared values, interests, and our common aspirations.



Final Results Confirm Victory for Indonesia’s President
New York Times
Published: July 24, 2009

JAKARTA, Indonesia — Final tallies from this month’s presidential election confirmed on Friday that President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono won a landslide victory over his two opponents, capturing 61 percent of the votes and all but 5 of Indonesia’s 33 provinces.

The official results of the July 8 election, released one week after twin attacks on two American hotels here, handed Mr. Yudhoyono a decisive first-round victory and a much stronger mandate in his second term to deal with terrorism and push through much-needed reforms.

According to the General Elections Commission, a former president, Megawati Sukarnoputri, collected 27 percent of the 121 million votes cast. Jusuf Kalla, currently Mr. Yudhoyono’s vice president in a coalition government, received 12 percent of the votes.
The results were in keeping with exit polls and partial counts that had declared Mr. Yudhoyono, 59, the unofficial winner just hours after polls closed on July 8.

With his party’s victory in April’s legislative elections, Mr. Yudhoyono will have greater room to carry out his own policies, experts say. In his first term, his party was one of the smallest in Parliament, and Mr. Yudhoyono depended on coalition partners who were said to have impeded reforms.
Mr. Yudhoyono’s choice of a new cabinet, after he is sworn in on Oct. 20, should give a clearer indication of how he intends to change the country’s political, economic and bureaucratic institutions.

Hours after the bombings, Mr. Yudhoyono said the attacks might have been linked to the electoral campaign, and he gave details of threats made against him. But political opponents and the news media criticized his comments after law enforcement agencies said later that the suicide bombings were clearly the work of Islamic militants linked to Noordin Muhammad Top, a Malaysian fugitive wanted for orchestrating similar attacks in Indonesia earlier this decade.
The police have made no formal arrests in the bombings, which struck the JW Marriott and Ritz-Carlton hotels and left seven people dead, but the authorities have detained several people believed to be linked to Mr. Noordin.






The result is a boost for the president

BBC: Democrats win Indonesia election
9 May 2009

Official results in Indonesia's parliamentary elections confirm the president's Democrat Party in first place with 20.85% of the vote.
Its two main rivals - the PDIP and Golkar - both trail with around 14% each of the vote.

The election marked a huge surge in support for the Democrats - who entered the political race just five years ago.
That has sparked some intense jockeying for position ahead of the presidential poll in two months' time.

This result - long predicted - has already turned the current presidential partnership on its head


Indonesia’s Voters Retreat From Radical Islam
Newyork Times, April 24, 2009

JAKARTA, Indonesia — From Pakistan to Gaza and Lebanon, militant Islamic movements have gained ground rapidly in recent years, fanning Western fears of a consolidation of radical Muslim governments. But here in the world’s most populous Muslim nation just the opposite is happening, with Islamic parties suffering a steep drop in popular support.

In parliamentary elections this month, voters punished Islamic parties that focused narrowly on religious issues, and even the parties’ best efforts to appeal to the country’s mainstream failed to sway the public.

The largest Islamic party, the Prosperous Justice Party, ran television commercials of young women without head scarves and distributed pamphlets in the colors of the country’s major secular parties. But the party fell far short of its goal of garnering 15 percent of the vote, squeezing out a gain of less than one percentage point over its 7.2 percent showing in 2004.
That was a big letdown for a party and a movement that had grown phenomenally in recent years, even as more radical elements directed terrorist attacks against Western tourists and targets. The party had projected that it would double its share of seats in Parliament even as it stuck to its founding goal of bringing Shariah, or Islamic law, to Indonesia, the world’s fourth most populous nation, with 240 million people.

Altogether, the major Islamic parties suffered a drop in support from 38 percent in 2004 to less than 26 percent this year, according to the Indonesian Survey Institute, an independent polling firm whose figures are in keeping with partial official results.

Political experts and politicians attribute the decline to voters’ disillusionment with Islamic parties that once called for idealism, but became embroiled in the messy, often corrupt world of Indonesian politics. They also say that the popular president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, who is expected to be re-elected in July, appropriated the largest Islamic party’s signature theme of clean government through a far-reaching anticorruption drive.

On a deeper level, some of the parties’ fundamentalist measures seem to have alienated moderate Indonesians. While Indonesia has a long tradition of moderation, it was badly destabilized with the end of military rule in 1998, which gave rise to Islamist politicians who preached righteousness and to some hard-core elements, who practiced violence. The country has only recently achieved a measure of stability.

Although final results from the election on April 9 will not be announced until next month, partial official results and exit polls by several independent companies indicate that Indonesians overwhelmingly backed the country’s major secular parties, even though more of them are continuing to turn to Islam in their private lives.


Indonesia poll campaigning starts

BBC News: Monday, 16 March 2009

Indonesia has marked the formal start of its election season with a joint rally of political parties in the capital Jakarta.

Thirty-eight national parties are contesting parliamentary elections on 9 April, along with
six local parties in the newly-autonomous province of Aceh.

Presidential elections are due to follow in July.

About 174 million Indonesians, across more than 17,000 islands, are eligible to vote in the ballots.
The main issues exercising voters are likely to be the economy, employment opportunities and the fight against corruption - especially high-level corruption, which continues to plague Indonesian politics.



Yudhoyono - a thinking general who is a good administrator

Sify News - New Delhi, Jan 24 (IANS)

Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, who arrived here Monday to be the chief guest at the Republic Day, has the reputation of being a moderate and decisive army general and a good administrator.

When he won election to the presidency over incumbent Megawati Sukarnoputri in 2004, Yudhoyono became the first directly elected chief executive in Indonesian history.
This is his second visit to India and he hopes to consolidate the 'strategic partnership' for which he signed an agreement in 2005.
His biographers note that the four-star general did not belong to the inner circle of the army that formed around Gen. Suharto, one of the world's longest serving military dictators.

By 1995, he had a reputation for integrity and respect for human rights that led to his appointment as chief military observer with the UN peacekeeping force in Bosnia, and as head of a contingent of Indonesian soldiers there.
Yudhoyono's track record includes probing the terror attacks in Bali in 2002 and the Marriott Hotel in 2003. He won plaudits for the quick arrest and prosecution of a large group of conspirators, believed to belong to extremist Islamist groups.

Just two months into presidency in his first term, he led the massive relief work when the country was ravaged by a tsunami in December 2004, in which over 200,000 people died.

Dubbed 'the thinking general', Yudhoyono has maintained strong popularity among ordinary Indonesians who used a different nickname: his initials, SBY.

Yudhoyono and wife Ani Herrawati, who accompanies him on the visit to India, have two sons.
The 1949-born son of an army officer, Yudhoyono was trained partly in the US.
If US President Barack Obama has his roots partially in Indonesia, Yudhoyono, a fluent English speaker, has in an interview quoted by the Al Jazeera television network, said: 'I love the United States, with all its faults. I consider it my second country.'

He retired from the army in 2000 to join President Abdur Rahman Waheed's government as a minister and emerged as a key figure. But Waheed fired him when, on facing impeachment, he wanted Yudhoyono to declare a state of emergency that the former general refused.
Yudhoyono's tenure has been marked by a series of reform efforts and liberal policies aimed at reducing governmental corruption and enhancing Indonesia's political and economic standing.

He has encountered problems common to leaders of developing countries: reducing institutional corruption, improving infrastructure, and attracting foreign investment.







President Yudhoyono will not attend
US-ASEAN summit in NY September 2010

 wikileak cables





















Obama reschedules Twice Postponed Indonesia visit
23 September 2010 VOA News
* Address to the UNGA

U.S. President Barack Obama says he will travel to Indonesia in November, fulfilling a twice-postponed promise to visit the country where he once lived as a boy.

In an address to the U.N. General Assembly on Thursday, Mr. Obama said he would travel to Indonesia following a previously scheduled visit to India. During the same trip, he will attend a Group of 20 summit in South Korea and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in Japan.

Mr. Obama has long planned to visit the world's most populous Muslim-majority nation, scheduling the visit for March and then June of this year. The trip was postponed once because of pressing health-care legislation and then because of the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

Indonesia has not complained publicly about the postponements. However President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has announced he will not come to New York for a meeting Friday between Mr. Obama and Southeast Asian leaders. He says he had previous commitments.


Obama announces Indonesia visit during United Nations speech
Posted By Josh Rogin Thursday, September 23, 2010

President Obama delivered his second speech at the United Nations Thursday morning, giving a full-throated defense of his first 20 months in office and a sober assessment of the challenges that lie ahead.

He pled for the world to aggressively support the U.S.-led direct peace negotiations between the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority. Specifically, he called on Arab nations to demonstrate their support through changes in policy that could help repair relations between Israel and its neighbors.

"Many in this hall count themselves as friends of the Palestinians. But these pledges must now be supported by deeds," Obama said. "Those who have signed on to the Arab Peace Initiative should seize this opportunity to make it real by taking tangible steps toward the normalization that it promises Israel. Those who speak out for Palestinian self-government should help the Palestinian Authority politically and financially, and - in so doing - help the Palestinians build the institutions of their state. And those who long to see an independent Palestine rise must stop trying to tear Israel down."

Obama also announced that he will add Indonesia, a country to which he has twice cancelled visits, to his Asia trip this November, which will also include stops in India, South Korea, and Japan. Obama meets with leaders from all 10 ASEAN member countries Friday.


Obama to visit Indonesia in November
September 24, 2010


US President Barack Obama said on Thursday he would make his twice-postponed trip to Indonesia in November, making good
on a promise to travel to the Muslim-majority nation where he lived as a boy.

Obama called off previous plans to make his first visit to Indonesia as president due to his ultimately successful drive to pass
health care reform and then over the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.

The visit will allow Obama to speak directly to the Islamic world in the world's largest Muslim-majority country, following rows over plans to build a Muslim cultural centre in New York and a US pastor's cancelled plans to burn Korans.
Advertisement: Story continues below

It will also be a homecoming of sorts, as Obama lived in the country for four years as a boy with his late mother, and has often spoken fondly of his memories of that time.

The president noted in a speech Thursday to the UN General Assembly that he had already announced plans to visit India in November, adding that "I will continue to Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim-majority country".

Obama, who, as a native of Hawaii, has billed himself as America's first Pacific President, will then make previously scheduled
trips to South Korea and Japan.
The president had intended to travel on to Australia during the two previously postponed visits to Indonesia, but there are no plans
to make that visit in November.

Obama's trip to Indonesia in November will be another clear sign of his intention to improve US ties with the region, and will come after Friday's US summit here with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
In Indonesia, Obama will stress the country's emerging economic weight and the role of the world's most populous Muslim nation in battling extremism, as well as to build on his speech to the Muslim world in Cairo last year.


2nd US ASEAN Summit: What’s on the Menu in Manhattan?
September 23, 2010 CSIS Southeast Asia Program

By Ernie Z. Bower, Senior Adviser & Director, CSIS Southeast Asia Program


US President Barack Obama will host eight of the ten leaders from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)[i] in New York on Friday, September 24, 2010 at the 2nd US ASEAN Summit. The meeting underlines renewed American policy energy being invested in Southeast Asia. Headlines from the discussion should focus on three areas:

1. Security alignment including a restatement of a common position on the South China Sea;

2. Economic growth and trade – particularly ASEAN’s leaders seeking an update from the President on the health of the US economy and a read on whether the mid-term US Congressional elections might be an inflection point after which the US can return to a proactive posture on trade; and

3. Burma – specifically exploring a way forward on how the US and ASEAN can encourage Burma’s leaders to introduce political space in the November elections or beyond.

The fact the meeting is taking place in September in the United States is important in that it institutionalizes renewed US engagement in ASEAN ahead of key steps forward in the creating of regional security and trade architecture in Asia.

On the other hand, the fact that the Summit is taking place in New York not Washington and without the leader of ASEAN’s largest country and economy, Indonesia, underlines the fact that while policy intent is clearly substantive engagement, there is still much work to be done to align the US and ASEAN.

Despite the best intentions of the principles, the meeting will certainly be viewed through the prism of perceived increased tension between China and its Asian neighbors particularly related to disputed maritime territories.

Here are some Critical Questions about the Summit and what we can expect.

Q 1 > Who, where & when – who is meeting and what is the agenda?

A 1 > President Obama will host the Summit over lunch at a famous hotel in Manhattan in New York City from 12 noon to 2:30 PM on Friday, September 24, 2010. Eight of the ten ASEAN leaders are confirmed to join him except for President Susilio Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia and Prime Minister Thein Sein of Burma. ASEAN Secretary General Dr. Surin Pitsuwan will also join the meeting. The only surprise is Yudhoyono’s absence and that is significant (see below). The Burmese were not expected to send their head of state due to poor relations with the United States and the sanctions regime currently in place. President Yudhoyono will be represented by Indonesia’s Vice President Boediono and Prime Minister Thein Sein will be represented by Burma’s Foreign Minister U Nyan Win. The leaders will be accompanied in most cases by their ministers of foreign affairs, ambassadors to the United States and or the United Nations, and other senior officials.

Q2 > Why isn’t President Yudhoyono attending and what are the implications of his absence?

A2 > President Yudhuyono notified the White House that he could not accept President Obama’s invitation to come to New York due to domestic issues that need to be attended in Jakarta. Insiders confirm that Yudhoyono decided he could not come to New York due to a confluence of issues including the fact that President Obama has had to postpone planned travel to Indonesia three times since taking office and the short notice given by the White House (not quite a month in advance of the meeting). Had the Summit been scheduled in Washington, DC – America’s capital – and in early October so Yudhoyono and the other ASEAN leaders might have been able to come on either side of their long planned visit to Brussels for the Asia Europe Summit, the Indonesian leader would probably have come.

Yudhoyono’s absence sends a strong signal that although the US ASEAN relationship is moving in the right direction, there is work still to be done to improve alignment. Indonesia is ASEAN’s largest country and has the largest economy, both more than twice as large as the next member. It is also ASEAN’s incoming Chairman for 2011. It is likely that the US and ASEAN will get back on track next year when Indonesia hosts the 3rd US ASEAN Summit, and after President Obama finally is able to make his long-awaited visit to Indonesia. There are quiet plans for him to visit Jakarta during his Asia trip after US mid-term elections in November. That trip would include India, Indonesia, Korea for the G-20 Summit and Japan for the APEC Leaders Summit. In sum, Yudhoyono’s absence doesn’t fully diminish the importance of the meeting in New York on Friday, but it lays down the marker that the US ASEAN relationship is trending well, but remains a work in progress. I explore the gap between the US policy intentions toward ASEAN and the realities of domestic politics revealed by Yudhoyono’s absence in the US on the CSIS Asia policy blog at

Q3> What is the on the security agenda and will the South China Sea be a focus?

A3 > The United States and ASEAN are working with other countries including Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea, New Zealand and Russia to create new regional security architecture in Asia. To this end, the US and Russia will be invited to join the East Asia Summit (EAS) this October during the EAS meeting in Hanoi. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will represent the United States at this meeting and accept the invitation. The US will then ideally be represented by President Obama at the next EAS hosted by Indonesia in 2011 (it is likely that the US ASEAN Summit will be held in proximity). As part of its calculus in deciding to join the EAS, the US recognized that it must strengthen its security and political ties with ASEAN and invest in supporting ASEAN’s self defined goals to firm its foundation through the economic, political and socio-economic integration as outlined in the ASEAN Charter. To this end, the US has been moving to normalize military ties with Indonesia and enhancing military relations with Vietnam as well as committing to join the ASEAN Defense Minister Meeting + 8 (which includes the same countries listed above who are/will be members of the EAS).

In this context, one of the existential challenges for Asia is to create structures and use diplomacy to encourage China’s peaceful rise as a major world power. The South China Sea represents a major challenge in this process. China has been very effective in its “charm offensive” begun during the Asian financial crisis in the late 1990’s – writing a script of an engaged and committed neighbor promising economic dynamism through expanded trade and investment and regional economic integration. However, China’s geopolitical interests are the other side of that coin. China’s definition of its “indisputable sovereignty” over the South China Sea in response to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s reiteration of long-standing US goals for maritime dispute resolution and freedom of navigation in the area based on international law and a multilateral approach has uncovered atavistic anxieties about China’s intentions among the Southeast Asian countries. Therefore, ASEAN has welcomed a strong US voice on security concerns in the South China Sea and this has come at a time, ahead of a the Chinese political cycle which will identify the country’s next generation of leaders in 2012, of heightened nationalism in China.

Nether the US nor ASEAN want to provoke Chinese nationalists, but both recognize the importance of being firm and sustaining a commitment to a multilateral approach to dispute resolution. Therefore, it is likely that the Summit in New York will result in a Joint Statement that addresses the issue by reiterating the intent and direction of Secretary Clinton’s remarks at the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) in Hanoi with a tone of provocation or focus on China.

Q 4 > How about economic growth and trade?

A 4 > ASEAN is concerned about thehealth and direction of the US economy and hopes President Obama can assure them that the recovery is underway and that he will be able to move the US toward a more proactive posture on trade after the US mid-term elections in November. These issues are fundamentally important to ASEAN because the US is its largest overseas market (particularly when you factor in the fact that many ASEAN exports go through China as part of a supply chain that ends up with products delivered to the United States) and the US remains one of the top and qualitatively most valuable sources of investment and technology for the region. ASEAN is collectively the most trade dependent formal grouping of nations in the world with trade accounting for nearly 100 percent of aggregate gross domestic product. So if trade stagnates, ASEAN is the global canary in the coal mine and its suffers first and most significantly.

ASEAN will be watching the US Korea Free Trade Agreement closely as the benchmark indicator for whether President Obama will use the political chits necessary to kick start trade and make the case to Americans that long term recovery is dependent on US engagement in ASEAN, Asia and the world. ASEAN is America’s fourth largest overseas market and one that promises high level growth for the coming years. ASEAN wants to know if the mid-term elections will be an inflection point for the US stance on global trade. Read more on the disconnect between policy and politics on trade with ASEAN in cogitASIA here

Q 5 > What about Burma?

A5 > With Burmese elections coming up on November 7, Burma is sure to be high on the agenda – at least for the Americans. While ASEAN would prefer not to have to carry the weight of Burma’s cloistered and intransigent military junta, it recognizes that having made the commitment to bring Burma into its membership it must work with the US and others to try to encourage the creation of political space there. The Obama Administration deserves credit for its courage and foresight in espousing an engagement strategy toward Burma that allowed it to reengage with ASEAN and hold meetings such as this Summit. While the engagement has not produced results in Burma, the US has changed its paradigm with ASEAN. The Administration can and likely will tighten sanctions on Burma by focusing on its leaders, their families and companies they are associated with – measure outlined in the Lantos Act. ASEAN needs to do its part and increase its normative focus on Burma to pressure the regime to create more political openness to it can truly engage in the core elements of integration defined in the ASEAN Charter. If ASEAN begins to focus on Burma, pressure may increase on China and India to refocus current mercantilist and military policies that enable the hard-line domestic political stance of the junta and play a role as responsible stakeholders in encouraging positive change in the country.

Q 6 > What next?

A6 > ASEAN hopes President Obama will announce his candidate to the first US Ambassador to ASEAN to be resident in Jakarta? A candidate’s name is reportedly pending review and due diligence though it is not likely that name can be announced on Friday. Additionally, the US and ASEAN are expecting to name an Eminent Person Group (EPG) to provide guidance and leadership for the relationship. These names have also not been announced yet.

After the New York Summit, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will be in visiting Hanoi for the EAS and in October and Secretary of Defense Gates will visit Vietnam for the ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting + 8 (ADMM + 8). President Obama is planning to visit Indonesia in November as mentioned above.


US ASEAN Summit in New York – Gut Check Time
September 8, 2010
CSIS Southeast Asia Program

By Ernest Z. Bower, Senior Adviser and Director, CSIS Southeast Asia Program

The 2nd US ASEAN Summit in New York on September 24 is an important meeting but there are questions regarding who will attend.

President Susilio Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) of Indonesia, the incoming chair of ASEAN, hasn’t confirmed his attendance yet. Vietnam is still considering whether President Nguyen Minh Triet, who as head of government traditionally represents his country
at the United Nations or Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung will attend.
Press reports from Bangkok have misreported that Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva is uncertain about attending – we understand he is confirmed, as are all the remaining heads of government from ASEAN except the Burmese who have opted to send their Foreign Minister — no surprise given the threat enhanced sanctions on Burmese leaders and the UN moving toward a Commission of Inquiry (COI) for crimes against humanity.

The real issue is SBY’s decision. He has the power to send a strong signal to his fellow ASEAN leaders, the United States and all of Asia. Should he decide to pass up President Barack Obama’s invitation to join the Summit in New York, there will be serious questions about where US-ASEAN relations are heading. The trajectory coming into New York looks very positive, building on a strong foundation and strengthening links between the US and ASEAN head of key meetings this Fall including the East Asia Summit and the ASEAN Defense Minister Meeting + 8 (ADMM) in Vietnam, the G-20 Summit in Seoul and the APEC Summit in Yokohama. Substantively, US ASEAN ties are sound and would remain so even if SBY doesn’t attend, but the signal of not attending has the potential to do real damage over time.

A strong US ASEAN foundation is vital as the region steps into new regional security and trade architecture. The table is set, and it is very important for Indonesia to demonstrate leadership. Every effort should be made to ensure SBY makes the trip to New York, including direct intervention by other leaders, especially President Obama. A call to Jakarta would be helpful. The truth is that a personal touch is due. President Obama has had every intention to visit Indonesia, but has been frustrated by schedule and domestic politics three times. Additionally, it is true that the White House was not able to make a decision on date and venue for the Summit until recently, giving ASEAN leaders short notice for such a major trip. The ASEAN heads of government had already scheduled a visit to Europe in early October for the Asia Europe Summit (ASEM), so the invitation requires an additional overseas trip to kick off an already packed second half of 2010. ASEAN may be disappointed too, that the Summit is being held in New York instead of Washington, D.C.

Still, the opportunity to institutionalize the US ASEAN Summit and hold the meeting on American soil within a year of the inaugural summit make the trip worth the effort. There are real issues to discuss including headliners such as security and trade, and getting alignment on these and other issues. Relationships take commitment and energy on both sides. Exploring the implications of holding a Summit without SBY or postponing the Summit should be a sobering proposition to all the leaders involved. Here’s to everyone doing what is needed to make the meeting work. It is gut check time for the US ASEAN relationship as we approach September 24 in New York.


Indonesia Leader Doubtful for ASEAN Summit in United States
September 16, 2010

Jakarta. Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is unlikely to attend a summit of Southeast Asian leaders called by US President Barack Obama this month in New York, a spokesman said on Wednesday.

The failure of the leader of the region’s biggest economy and the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country to attend the summit will be a blow to Obama’s efforts to reach out to the strategically important region.

Officials blamed the short notice given for the summit, which was announced on Sept. 3, and Yudhoyono’s prior engagements.
“The US-ASEAN summit invitation was given in short notice. The president’s agenda at that time was fixed earlier this year,” spokesman Teuku Faizasyah said.

The White House has said Obama will hold talks with leaders of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations in New York on September 24, at the time of the annual United Nations General Assembly.
The summit is Obama’s latest attempt to reinvigorate US policy towards the rapidly developing region, where US primacy is seen by some as waning in the face of China’s growing economic and military might.

Domestic affairs have forced Obama, who went to school in Indonesia as a child, to cancel two visits to Jakarta in the past 12 months.
The democratic, nominally secular archipelago is a key founding member of ASEAN, which includes members as diverse as regional financial hub Singapore, Buddhist Thailand, communist Vietnam and military-ruled Myanmar.


Yudhoyono to skip US-ASEAN summit in NY
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Fri, 09/17/2010

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono will likely skip the US-ASEAN summit to be held on the sidelines of the UN meeting in New York on Sept. 24, the Foreign Ministry says.

Ministry spokesman Teuku Faizasyah said the President had already made “earlier commitments” and did not plan to attend the UN General Assembly meeting in New York from Sept. 20-28. “Vice President [Boediono] will most likely be in attendance,” he told The Jakarta Post on Thursday.

Faizasyah was quick to dismiss speculation the President may have decided not to visit the US after US President Barack Obama called off his planned visits to Indonesia — where he spent part of his childhood — this year.
Obama was initially scheduled to fly to Jakarta in March, but postponed until June 14 as he had to focus on healthcare legislation reform at home.

Early in June, Washington announced that Obama was again forced to cancel his trip to Indonesia and Australia at a time when he was trying to cope with the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
The President “has items on the national agenda that could not be set aside,” Faizasyah said, adding that the invitation to the summit was given at short notice. “The US government seems to assume all ASEAN leaders will attend the UN meeting.”

The US under Obama has been making efforts to flex its muscle in Southeast Asia after years of neglect under the leadership of his predecessor. Observers say the situation has paved the way for China to launch its charm offensive in the area and further sidelined the last remaining superpower in the increasingly strategic region.

The first US-ASEAN summit was held on the sidelines of the APEC meeting last November, a few months after Washington signed the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation with ASEAN.

As Indonesia is the largest member of ASEAN and plays a crucial leadership role within the regional grouping, the absence of Yudhoyono at the summit will certainly be noted, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) researcher Dewi Fortuna Anwar said, but added that the Indonesian leader’s absence at the New York summit would not affect US efforts to court ASEAN.

She said it was possible the President was too busy at home to attend the summit, but added that it was also only natural for Yudhoyono to skip a trip to the US as he had previously visited the country for the G20 meeting in September 2009.
“The principle of reciprocity usually applies in state visits. Yudho-yono visited the US under Obama. I think that’s a good reason
to instead wait for Obama to come here,” she said.

BBC. 5 October 2010

Indonesia cancels Netherlands visit over arrest threat

Indonesia's President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, has called off a state visit to the Netherlands because of a threat that he could be arrested.
A separatist group, the Republic of South Moluccas (RMS), has asked a court to order his detention in connection with alleged human rights violations.

Mr Yudhoyono said that if he had gone ahead with the three-day visit, it might have led to a "misunderstanding".
Indonesian authorities crushed the RMS after it declared independence in 1950.
It was revived following the fall of President Suharto in 1998, and is currently based in the Netherlands, Indonesia's former colonial power.

From 1999 until 2002, ethnic violence in the Moluccas islands left an estimated 5,000 people dead and displaced 500,000 others.
A spokeswoman for a court in The Hague confirmed that the RMS had asked for an injunction to have Mr Yudhoyono arrested on arrival.

The group wanted him to face prosecution for the alleged human rights violations and the physical abuse of political prisoners, she added.
Mr Yudhoyono was reportedly already onboard his plane at Jakarta's airport on Tuesday when he decided to cancel the state visit.
"In recent days, a group has filed a request to the court to make an issue out of human rights in Indonesia and request the court to arrest me during the state visit to the Netherlands," he told reporters afterwards.

"What I cannot accept is if the president of Indonesia makes a visit to the Netherlands, after an invitation from the Netherlands, the court decides to arrest the president of Indonesia."

The BBC contacted the Dutch embassy in Jakarta about the president's plans but they had no comment.


Photo: AP
In this photo released by Indonesian Presidential office,
Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono gestures
as he speaks during a press conference announcing the cancellation
of his trip to the Netherlands in Jakarta, Indonesia, 05 Oct 2010

Indonesian President Cancels Netherlands Trip Due to Human Rights Case

The Indonesian president abruptly postponed a visit planned to the Netherlands, citing a human-rights case in the host country that could threaten him with arrest. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was at the airport when he decided not to go forward with his three-day visit to the Netherlands to meet with the Dutch queen and prime minister.

Presidential spokesman Teuku Faizasyah said the president postponed the visit because of a legal case filed in a Dutch court concerning alleged human-rights violations in Indonesia. "The president, after due consideration and receiving a lot of feedback from the relevant ministers and also from our mission in The Hague, has decided to postpone the visit pending the development in the Netherlands where certain individuals brought a case against the president."

A group called the South Maluku Republic filed the human-rights case against the president. Its members are exiles from the South Maluku islands in eastern Indonesia. In the 1950s they tried unsuccessfully to establish an independent state and later were forced to flee to the Netherlands, Indonesia's former colonial ruler.

The case involves an incident in 2007 when President Yudhoyono was visiting the regional capital Ambon. At an event where the president was speaking, a demonstrator unfurled a flag representing Maluku independence, which is against the law in Indonesia. The protester was arrested and human-rights groups said was he beaten severely.

The South Maluku Republic said the president is ultimately responsible for human-rights abuses.

Faizasyah said the president holds diplomatic immunity and would not be charged, but he postponed the trip because the negative publicity would distract from his diplomatic mission.

The vice president of the South Maluku Republic group, Willem Sopacua, said it intends to keep the pressure on Mr. Yudhoyono to address the human-rights situation in the region. "Of course it is a great victory for us, psychologically. He understands every time he tries to come to the Netherlands we are prepared."

The Indonesian government denies the abuse allegations. The country has been credited with sweeping reforms that have freed the media and vastly improved human rights since the ouster of strongman leader Suharto in 1998.


Dutch trial 'breaches' nation-to-nation ethic: SBY
Erwida Maulia, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Thu, 10/07/2010

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono reiterated Thursday his regret over a Dutch court's holding of a trial session on the same day he was supposed to arrive in the Netherlands, saying it breached the “ethic and conduct of nation-to-nation relationships”.

The President was supposed to leave for the Netherlands for a state visit Tuesday, but canceled in the last minutes when his entourage were already on board, following news that a Dutch district court was to hold a trial on the same day in response to a lawsuit filed by some activists of the Republic of South Maluku (RMS), an Indonesian rebel movement.

The plaintiffs demand, among others, that the Dutch government lift the Indonesian President's diplomatic immunity during his visit to the Netherlands and have him arrested on charges of human rights violations; both of which have been rejected by the court.

“It is odd that the lawsuit was filed on Oct. 4, and yet the court held the trial on Oct. 5 – only a day after. I guess it is the fastest-responding court in the world,” Yudhoyono said as he opened a Cabinet meeting on political and security affairs at the Presidential Office in Jakarta.

“And the signal sent by the trial is so wrong; it breaches the ethics and conduct of nation-to-nation relationships,” he added.

The President said he was aware the Dutch government could not possibly intervene in affairs of Dutch courts, but highlighted the fact that the visit he had planned was at the invitation of the Netherlands' Queen Beatrix and Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende.

“The court is part of the state of the Netherlands, part of its national system; should it hold the trial to welcome me?”
“We remember when Queen Beatrix visited Indonesia in 1995 and Dutch Prime Minister Balkenende in 2006, we welcomed and treated them warmly. It is hard for me to accept that I would be welcomed instead with the trial.”





Cabinet President S B Yudhoyono
October 21, 2004


 Photo Gallery Inauguration
Oct 20, 2004


TIME Asia: Interview
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono





London, April 1, 2009

Group photo of world leaders gathered at the G-20 summit

Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
sits in the first row 2nd left from British Queen Elizabeth II

(First row from L to R)
South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak, French President Nicolas Sarkozy, Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud, China's President Hu Jintao, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Mexican President Felipe Calderon, Argentine President Cristina Kirchner and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev




London, April 2, 2009

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono,
sitting beside s American President Barack Obama,
delivers a speech during the G20 Summit in London on Thursday.
In his speech, Yudhoyono expressed a desire for the summit
to produce a concrete strategy for tackling the global financial crisis.
Photo Courtesy of Presidential office/Dino Pati Djalal

New economic world order emerges

Mustaqim Adamrah , THE JAKARTA POST ,
LONDON | Fri, 04/03/2009 8:48 AM |

The world’s 20 most powerful economies ended their summit Thursday with a set of measures that are hoped to function as a panacea to immediately cure the failing global economy.

Leaders of the G20 member countries walked out of the group’s summit venue in London with a united optimism of turning the course of the world’s economy into a more transparent and accountable financial system.

The group said in a statement that confidence would not be restored until trust in the financial system had been returned.

“Strengthened regulation and supervision must promote propriety, integrity and transparency; guard against risk across the financial system; dampen rather than amplify the financial and economic cycle; reduce reliance on inappropriately risky sources of financing; and discourage excessive risk-taking,” the group said.




London, 31 March 2009

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono greets audience members after giving a speech Tuesday at the London School of Economic and Political Science. The event was held
as part of Yudhoyono’s agenda before taking part in the G20 Summit in the UK capital Thursday (Courtesy of Presidential Office/Abror Rizki)



 Summit 'best solution' to global crisis: RI
Mustaqim Adamrah , The Jakarta Post ,
Thu, 04/02/2009

US President Barack Obama and UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown remained confident
over a global deal to lift the world out of a massive recession — an optimism shared by Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, who is also in London to take part in
the summit.

Yudhoyono suggested that emerging countries, including Indonesia, put high hopes in
the world leaders meeting coming up with a concrete solution, calling it “humankind’s
best hope for the... beginning of a solution” to the current meltdown, warning that failure
to achieve that would be costly.

“As a permanent member, I want coordinated global actions [resulting from the summit] to
be effective and concrete and of benefit to us all,” Yudhoyono said Wednesday in London.

On Tuesday, hours after the Indonesian delegation arrived in London, Yudhoyono also told his audience at the London School of Economics and Political Science that only with global cooperation could the world survive the crisis.

“That is why Indonesia is deeply involved in the work of the G20, which is humankind’s best hope for the solution or the beginning of a solution to the crisis that has engulfed us all. Indonesia also wants to ensure that developing countries will not be left behind [in the process].

“I realize it is not enough to have a regional vision. We must also have a global vision, most especially at a time when the whole world, without exception, is reeling from the impact of the global economic and financial crisis,” Yudhoyono said.

Fuill article



Obama, Yudhoyono discuss economic crisis

13 March 2009

AFP/POOL/File – US President Barack Obama on Friday spoke to Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

WASHINGTON (AFP) – US President Barack Obama on Friday spoke to Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono about the global economic crisis, underscoring warming relations between the two countries.

"The President had a wide-ranging telephone discussion with President Yudhoyono of Indonesia this morning," a White House statement said.
"The President consulted with President Yudhoyono on the global economic crisis and affirmed the need for close cooperation, noting the upcoming G-20 Summit that both leaders will attend."

Obama and Yudhoyono also discussed avian influenza, climate change, counterterrorism and how to bring democracy and human rights to Myanmar during the call, the White House said.
The president, who lived in Indonesia for four years as a boy, also spoke about his policy of reinventing US relations with the Muslim world, the White House said.

In the early months of the Obama administration, US ties with Indonesia have markedly improved.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton took a nearly 6,000-kilometer (3,500-mile) detour to Indonesia between stopping in Tokyo and Seoul on her first official visit abroad and said Washington wanted a "comprehensive partnership" with Jakarta.

While Indonesia was a Cold War ally of Washington, relations were held back for years by disputes over human rights abuses under former dictator Suharto who fell in 1998.

Obama and Yudhoyono will meet face to face at the G-20 economic summit of developed and developing nations in London on April 2.





Business Week: Stars of Asia


Businessweek: Yudhoyono's "Triple Track" Strategy 07/04/05

 Business Week: Indonesia'sCrisis Manager 07/11/05

Reuters: Tsunami action gets mixed grade 06/18/05

Businessweek: A whiff of new money 07/04/05 

Jakarta Post: Susilo's visit may boost R.I. US ties 05/26/05

CNA: President creates new hotline 06/16/05

Bush to welcome President to White House May 25, 2005

 BBC: Key US trip for Indonesian leader 05/25/05

 Xinhuanet: SBY to meet Bush late May 05/05/07

 Washington Post: Bush to meet with Indonesian leader 05/07/05

Bloomberg: New leaders helping Asia
get its groove back 02/21/05

 TheAustralian: Yudhoyono offers style and substance 04/06/05

TimeAsia: SBY interview - We need shock therapy 11/01/04

ChannelNews: Indonesia President to attend Arafat funeral 11/11/04  

AsiaTimes: Indonesia's thinking general urging action 11/02/04

AsiaTimes: A win for Indonesia military 11/04/04

TheAustralian: Rebuilding Indonesia 11/02/04 

Channel News: President faces deeply divided parliament 11/02/04 

 CNN: Yudhoyono - Corruption Top Priority 10/26/04

 TimeAsia: Exclusive interview with SBY 11/01/04

 Asia NewsYudhoyono to ban Al-Qaeda linked Jemaah Islamayah 10/26/04

Channel News: S E Asia to receive new wave of US investments 10/26/04

 The Star: Yudhoyono says graft hurting investment 10/26/04

 Channelnews: President wants senior officials to sign anti-graft pact 10/24/04





JakartaPost: Susilo Kalla rift may hamper road to effective governance 01/22/05


 IHT: Curbing Indonesia's Army 01/18/05

 MSNBC: The right leader in a time of trial? 01/18/05

 IHT: New cabinet signals attack on graft 10/22/04

 ABCnews: Obstacles remain for investment 10/21/04

ABCnet: Cabinet well received by Indonesian Obnservers 10/21/04 

Reuters: Indonesia swears in cabinet 10/21/04

TheAge: Indonesia's new leader
promises to fight graft 10/21/04

NZHerald: Indonesia swears in sixth President 10/21/04

ABCnews: Terror tops new Indonesian leader's agenda 10/21/04

Bloomberg: Line-up of key figures in Yudhoyono's government 10/21/04

ABConline: Nerw Indonesia President unveils Cabinet 10/21/04

Xinhua: Putin congratulates Yudhoyono 10/21/04

Reuters: Indonesian leader makes surprise cabinet choices 10/21/04 SBY takes up corruption
fight 10/21/04

Moscow Times: Indonesian President
is sworn in 10/21/04

ABS-CBNnews: New leader promises action, no miracles 10/21/04

Gulf Daily: Boosting economy Yudhoyono's priority 10/21/04

Guardian: Ex General sworn in as Indonesian leader 10/21/04

IHT: Yudhoyono promises reforms 10/21/04

Philippine Daily Inquirer: Ex general sworn in as Indonesia's 6th President 10/21/04

Arab Times: Indonesia President names cabinet 10/21/04

Islam Online: Yudhoyono becomes Indonesia's sixth President 10/20/04

US-ASEAN: President SB Yudhoyono and Vice President Jusuf Kalla were inaugurated Oct.20, 2004

Inauguration Speech President S B Yudhoyono 10/20/04

RFE: SBY inaugurated as Indonesia's first electeds President 10/20/04

 Turkish Press: Challenges await ex-general Yudhoyono 10/20/04

Channel News: Yudhoyono unveils cabinet 10/21/04

CNN: New faces and old to rule Jakarta 10/20/04

BBC: Indonesia leader sets out goals 10/20/04

Yudhoyono's inaugural speech 10/20/04

BBC: Indonesian President sworn in 10/20/04

Manila Bulletin: A new Indonesian President 10/20/04

 CNN: Challenges ahead for new leader 10/20/04

 MSNBC: Yudhoyono faces high expectations 10/20/04

 NYT: Yudhoyono sworn in as President of Indonesia 10/20/04

 Straits Times: Yudhoyono sworn in as Indonesia's 6th President 10/20/04



SMH: For Yudhoyono opportunity knocks among the ruins 01/17/05


SMH: We'll be friends says Howard 10/20/04

Financial Times: Yudhoyono plans anti-corruption measures 01/17/05 

 JP: Susilo to set up security and economic councils 10/19/04

SMH: Asian leaders scramble to catch up 10/20/04

 TheAge: Guess who is coming to Jakarta? 10/19/04

 BBC: Yudhoyono set for inauguration 10/19/04

Bloomberg: Malaysia, Singapore leaders to attend SBY swearing-in 10/18/04

Straits Times: Singapore PM to attend Yudhoyono's inauguration 10/18/04

Australian: Mega boycotts SBY swearing-in 10/18/04

ABCnews: Megawati to skip inauguration 10/17/04

Australian: Australian PM to attend Jakarta inauguration 10/15/04

  VOA: Megawati to skip inauguration 10/17/04

SMH: Howard to see Yudhoyono's inauguration 10/14/04

The Age: Howard to attend SBY inauguration 10/14/04

Australian: SBY plans civilian for top military job 10/15/04

Defense News: Indonesian new leader to pick Civilian Defense Minister 10/14/04

Channel: President-elect announces new cabinet structure 10/14/04

 Straits Times: Megawati- No urgent need to meet Yudhoyono 10/14/04



 President S B Yudhoyono


Tokoh Indonesia: Susilo Bambang Yudhojono 10/15/04

Tokoh Indonesia: SBY - Sang Capres Kuda Hitam 10/15/04

VOA: Profile Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 09/20/04

Shenzen: SBY - Indonesia's Thinking General 09/24/04

Asia Times: Susilo - Indonesia's frontrunner underdog 07/07/04

CNN: What kind of leader? 09/20/04

BBC: Profile Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 07/05/04

Aljazeera: Profile Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 07/04/04

KPU: Profil SBY

Wikipedia: Profile



 Yahoo photo news


Yudhoyono in Blitar to pay respect to mother 10/06/04

At the grave of Indonesia's First President in Blitar, East Java 10/06/04

SBY waves as he attends 59th Armed Forces Day celebration at Halim Airforce Base 10/05/04

Incoming President SBY and wife Kristiani Herawati 10/05/04

President Bush congratulated SBY 10/04/04

Leaving celebration of 59th Armed Forces Day 10/05/04

Waving to press with aide Heru Lelono 10/04/04

Indonesian Presidential result 10/04/04

Confirmed as Indonesia's new leader 10/04/04

Final Election results

Waving to the press 10/04/04

SBY and Megawati

Surrounded by journalists

SBY smiles when declared the winner 10/04/04



SMH: A new friend in Jakarta 10/19/04

The Star: Aide- Megawati won't attend swearing-in 10/17/04

TheStar: Enter yet another president 10/17/04

 JakartaPost: Cracks in Yudhoyono camp over cabinet 10/18/04

Asia Times: SBY through Chinese eyes 10/14/04

 New straits Times: Challenge of expectations 10/13/04

 Bloomberg: Yudhoyono will expand cabinet 10/11/04

 TIME: Megawati loses out 10/11/04

AFP: Yudhojono vows to tackle corruption, conflicts 10/09/04

 Bloomberg: SBY pledges war on corruption 10/09/04

BBC: New Indonesia chief marks victory 10/09/04

Straits Times: SBY vows to be President for All Indonesians 10/09/04

Daily Times: From Fort Benning to Presidency 10/09/04

 Asia Times: All that glitters is not gold 10/09/04

Straits Times: SBY's big challenge-Get rid of graft 10/09/04

Straits Times: Business leaders urged to work with government 10/09/04

 TheStar: SBY sees beautiful future for Indonesia 10/08/04

  Channel: Yudhoyono condemns bombing of Paris embassy 10/08/04

Kyodo: Megawati implicitly accepts election results 10/070/04

Reuters: Megawati concedes defeat 10/07/04

Asia Times: A time of change 10/06/04

 Islam Online: Indonesia's time of change 10/06/04

Borneo Bulletin: Economy, Graft challenges face Yudhoyono 10/06/04

 CSMonitor: Task for SBY: Fight terror but not for US 10/06/04

TVNZ: Megawati unlikely to challenge result 10/06/04

Asia Times: Indonesia, a time for change 10/06/04

Pravda: SBY became the new leader 10/06/04

AlJazeera: Megawati unlikely to contest poll loss 10/06/04

TheAge: Megawati reluctant to concede presidency 10/06/04

 VOA: Presidential Transition on halt until Megawati concedes defeat 10/06/04

Singapore leaders congratulate SBY 10/06/04 

TheAge: .... But Yudhoyono begins selecting cabinet 10/06/04

Straits Times: No explicit concession from Megawati yet 10/06/04

  SMH: Indonesia in power vacuum 10/06/04

SMH: Megawati still keeping Yudhoyono on hold 10/06/04 

Straits Times: Yudhoyono expresses thanks 10/06/04

TheAge: SBY begins selecting his cabinet 10/06/04

Australian: Megawati urged to go with vote but won't concede 10/06/04

Asia Times: Yudhoyono has his hands full 09/29/04 

AP: SBY left in limbo as Megawati declines to concede 10/05/04

SMH: Yudhoyono confirmed victor 10/05/04

MSNBC: Megawati finally concedes 10/05/04 

BBC: World accepts Indonesian results 10/05/04

PolitInfo: Indonesia's new President 10/05/04

 JP: World leaders congratulatre SBY 10/06/04

Australian: I.m the winner, SBY says at last 10/05/04 

CNN: Tearful Megawati accepts results 10/05/04

Australian: Tearful Megawati concedes defeat 10/05/04 

BBC: Megawati has not yet conceded defeat 10/05/04

Japan Today: Yudhojono declared President 10/05/04

JakartaPost: SBY's hurdles

SMH: Yudhojono declared winner 10/04/04

NYT: Tough challenges await Yudhoyono 10/04/04

Pravda: SBY became the new leader of Indonesia 10/04/04

VOA: Former General declared winner 10/04/04

FOXnews: Yudhoyono elecxted President 10/04/04

CNN: Ex-General Indonesia's new leader 10/04/04

SwissInfo: Yudhojono wins Indonesia
poll 10/04/04

 BBC: Yudhoyono declared winner 10/04/04

 Guardian: The people's president 09/30/04

VOA: Indonesia elects a President 09/30/04

 Straits Times: Going after the big fish 09/30/04

AsiaTimes: Yudhoyono's signs of style, not substance 09/28/04

Asia Times: Susilo - Indonesia's frontrunner underdog 07/07/04

Bloomberg: Yudhoyono maintains wide lead 09/28/04

 Tapol: Another general takes charge 09/28/04 

Straits Times: SBY to create security councils 09/27/04

Business Week: A second shot at reform 09/27/04

ChannelNews: Likely President focusing on cabinet line-up 09/28/08 

 Asahi Shimbun: New Indonesian leader 09/27/04 

 TIME: Indonesia's New Deal

Time: The new leader of Indonesia 09/27/04

 Bloomberg: Yudhojono leads-90% of votes counted 09/25/09

CSMonitor: Indonesia as a Beacon 09/24/04

WP: A step forward by Indonesians 09/23/04

 Channel Susilo ready for power 09/23/04 

The Australian: Yudhojono's task extends beyond Indonesia 09/23/04

 The Australian: The big winner is Australia 09/22/04

Channel: SBY prepares cabinet 09/22/04

CNN: Indonesia on a high after poll 09/22/04

 BBC: Yudhoyono's challenges ahead 09/22/04

BBC: Indonesia poll cheers investors 09/21/04

CBC: A former general promises peace 09/21/04

 LATimes: Indonesians poised to oust their President 09/21/04

NYT: Ex-General appears to win by big margin 09/21/04

BBC: Yudhoyono election - your reaction 09/21/04

BBC: Yudhoyono boost for stock market 09/21/04

BBC: Yudhoyono set for Indonesia win 09/21/04

 Guardian: Ex-General wins Indonesia poll 09/21/04

Channel: Policies championed by Megawati and SBY 09/20/04 

CBC: Yudhoyono predicted winner 09/20/04

CBC : Indonesia in-depth 09/09/04

 CNN: What kind of leader is Yudhoyono? 09/20/04

 Guardian: Bambang poised for election win 09/20/04

NYT: Former General expected to win election 09/20/04

 CNN: Ex-Generalheads for Indonesia win 09/20/04

 SMH: Megawati era swept in landslide 09/20/04

 SMH: Yudhoyono's victory is clear, but not his policies 09/20/04

MSNBC: Former general ahead in elections 09/20/04

The Age: Indonesia votes in ex-Army General 09/20/04

BBC: Profile Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono  07/05/04

BBC: Profile Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 05/18/04 

Profile Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 07/04/04

 LtGen Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

 SBY Profile

 SBY 2004 Campaign website

ABC Asia Pacific: Indonesia's leading contender 06/26/04

Asia Times: Susilo - Indonesia's frontrunner underdog 07/07/04


 Yahoo photo news



Jakarta Post: What now MegawatI? 10/11/04


Straits Times: Bambang may review new bill on military's powers 10/03/04

 Channelnews: Dewi Sukarno nacks SBY 10/03/04

Bloomberg: Yudhoyono to review labor law, seek donor aid 10/01/04

 IHT: SBY skips parliament swearing-in 10/01/04

Japan Times: Election shows Indonesia has come of age 09/27/04

  Arab News: New leaders have fared very well 09/29/04

Radio Australia: Why SBY is expected to be a good choice 09/24/04

Straits Times: Chinese in Indonesia can breathe easier 09/27/04

BBC: Indonesian polls point to change 09/17/04

 BBC: Yudhoyono leads Indonesian count 09/20/04

Newsweek: The military factor 09/20/04

Susilo well ahead in opinion polls 09/15/04

Yudhoyono slams foreign funding rumors 090/01/04

 Straits Times: SBY losing ground to Megawati 09/02/04

 Reuters: Ex-General favored for Presidency 07/27/04

Final Results July 5 Presidential Election

BBC: Run-off for Indonesia Presidency 07/26/04

Guardian: Indonesia set for run-off poll 07/26/04 

Newsweek: Fighting for votes 07/19/04

TIME: People's power 07/26/04

Yudhoyono maintains lead 07/11/04

TIME: Can Megawati win? 07/12/04

Time: Indonesia votes 07/11/04

Time: Photo Essay - Indonesia Votes 07/11/04

BBC: Indonesia ballot set for run-off 07/06/04

Bloomberg: Megawati looks to cut Yudhoyono's lead 07/08/04

MSNBC: Yudhoyono will face Megawati in run-off 07/06/04

ABC news: Yudhoyono faces 2nd round run-off 07/05/04

Voters put Sukarnoputri on notice 07/03/04

ABC news: Polls pick Yudhoyono 07/04/04

USA Today: SBY is people's choice 07/01/04

TIME Photo essay: Presidential elections

Aljazeera: Ex-Ministers catches Indonesia fancy 07/01/04

 SBY news links

Newsweek: A crowd pleaser 06/21/04

Newsweek Interview: I will never give up 06/21/04

Presidential race: Yudhoyono still ahead 06/24/04

AUnews: Democracy the Indonesian way 06/19/04

BBC: Indonesia's Front runner

 LA Times: Presidential run-off could be close contest 04/08/04

 LtGen Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

 Speech USINDO meeting 09/19/03

Asialink Lecture : A second wave of reform for Indonesia 10/10/03











editor indonesia-pusaka





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